the reason aforesaid I intend to begin with Smithing, which
comprehends not only the Black-Smith's Trade, but takes in all
Trades which use either Forge or File, from the Anchor-Smith, to
the Watch-Maker; they all working by the same Rules, tho not
with equal exatness and all using the fame Tools, tho' of
several Sizes from those the common Black-Smith uses, and that
according to the various purposes they are applied to.
And in order to it, I shall first shew you how
to set up a Forge, and what Tools you must use in the Black
Smith's work; then the Rules, and several Circumstances of
Forging, till your Work come to the File: Then of the several
Sorts of Iron that are commonly used; and what fort is fittest
for each purpose.
of Filing in general, and the Rules to be observed in it, in the
making of Jacks, Hinges, Screws, Clocks, Watches, etc. In which
Examples, you will find all other Sorts of Forging or Filing
work whatsoever comprehended.
And lastly, as a close to Smithing, I stall
Exercise upon Steel, and its several Sorts, and how to Order and
Temper it for its several Uses; and what Sort is fitest for each
particular purpose; as which is fittest for Edge-Tools, which
for Springs, which for Punches, etc.
Some perhaps would have thought it more proper,
to have introduced these Exercises with a more Curious, and less
Vulgar Art, than that of Smithing; but I am not of their
Opinion; for Smithing is in all parts, as curious a Handy-Craft,
as any is.
Besides, it is a great Introduction to most
other Handy-Works, as Joinery, Turning, etc. they (with the
Smith) working upon the Straight, Square, or Circle, though with
different Tools, upon different Matter and they all haying
dependance upon the Smith's Trade, and not the Smith upon them.
NOTE: The 1703 edition of original work -
"Mechanical Exercises or the Doctrine of Handy-Works, applied to
the Arts of Smithing, Joinery, Carpentry, Turning, Bricklayery"
is a third edition of this volume.
On this page I have edited an excerpt of Preface
to eliminate a "long S". Other wording, appearing as incorrect,
is preserved and is as written in the volume. One benefit of
this download is good quality of the illustrations - the best I
have seen so far.